Eczema is a chronic skin condition characterized by inflammation, itching, and redness. It often presents as patches of dry, rough, and scaly skin, which may become cracked and even bleed in severe cases. 


Eczema can occur anywhere on the body but is commonly found on the hands, face, elbows, and knees.


    • Atopic dermatitis:
      • It is a chronic condition ,more common in children who have other allergies, like asthma and hay fever.
      • It tends to run in families, and may be triggered by allergens in the environment such as house dust, mites, animal dander, grass pollens and moulds.
      • In infant face is affected mostly, later on as kids get older, elbows, behind the knees, and/or on wrists and hands are affected.
    • Contact dermatitis
      • It is a localized reaction that includes redness, itching, and burning in areas where the skin has come into contact with an allergen (substances that an individual has not been sensitized to) or with a general irritant such as an acid, a cleaning agent, or other chemicals.
      • Contact eczema includes reactions to laundry detergents, soaps, nickel (a metal present in jewellery), cosmetics, certain fabrics, clothing, and perfumes.
    • Seborrheic dermatitis : A condition sometimes classified as a form of eczema that is closely related to dandruff. It causes dry or greasy peeling of the scalp, eyebrows and face, and sometimes of the chest.
    • Xerotic eczema : Commonly seen in the older age group. It is also known as “winter itch” and is seen in extremely dry skin. It worsens in dry winter weather; hands, legs and trunk are mostly affected
  • Stasis dermatitis : Stasis dermatitis can occur when fluid accumulates in the tissues just beneath the skin — typically on your lower legs — due to a sluggish circulation. This condition typically occurs around the ankle area. Possible underlying factors include: Varicose veins, Obesity, conditions that affect circulation in your legs, such as pregnancy or deep vein thrombosis. The disorder can make the individual prone to develop leg ulcers later on.


  • Family history of eczema
  • Family history of allergies, including hay fever and asthma
  • Contact with irritants in the environment or occupational exposure.
  • Emotional stress
  • Allergens such as house dust, mites, animal dander, grass pollens and moulds.
  • Occasionally, allergic reaction to particular foods

Treatment is always based on:age, type and severity of condition

Bathing: use lukewarm water and avoid hot long water baths. Replace standard soap with a substitute such as a mild soap-free moisturizing cleanser.

Clothing: Wear soft cotton clothes; while, wool, nylon is best avoided.

Irritants: Protect your skin from dust, water, solvents and detergents. Gloves can be worn while handling irritants.

Moisturizers (emollients): Use liberally minimum twice a day on damp skin.


We, at CUTEXX SKIN CLINIC, assess, examine and treat all dermatological conditions with utmost care

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Dr. Kinnor Das, MBBS, MD, is a specialist in Dermatology, Venereology, and Leprosy. With extensive training and experience in these areas, Dr. Das is dedicated to providing exceptional care to his patients.