Birthmarks are benign pigmentary lesions that typically develop either before birth or shortly after birth. They can occur anywhere on the body and are generally harmless.

These birthmarks can be broadly categorized into two groups: pigmented birthmarks and vascular birthmarks. Pigmented birthmarks include café au lait spots, Becker’s nevus, and nevi of Ota and Ito. Vascular birthmarks, which involve an increased blood supply, include salmon patches, hemangiomas, and port-wine stains.

Naevus of Ota

Naevus of Ota occurs when melanocytes (pigmented cells) become trapped in the upper third of the skin’s dermis. It typically appears unilaterally around the eye and nearby facial area, following the distribution of the first two branches of the trigeminal nerve. This condition manifests as blue/gray to slate-brown flat or slightly raised patches of hyperpigmentation. It can be present from birth or emerge around puberty and is more common in females. Ocular involvement may also occur.

Naevus of Ito

Naevus of Ito is similar to naevus of Ota, but the pigmentation is located in the shoulder girdle area. It may coexist with naevus of Ota and occasionally involves sensory changes at the site.

Becker's Naevus

Becker’s naevus usually appears around puberty or at birth. It typically presents as an asymmetrical tan-brown pigmentation on the torso or upper arm, although other body areas may be affected. This birthmark may gradually enlarge irregularly and often becomes thickened and hairier over time (hypertrichosis).

These conditions are primarily cosmetic concerns and can be managed with temporary cosmetic camouflage or medical treatments.


Nd:Yag Q switched laser treatment- It targets the pigmented cells (melanocytes) leading to its breakdown and lightening of the lesions. It is a painless procedure and has to be taken in multiple sessions.


We at Cutexx Skin Clinic specialise in birth mark removal treatments. We have a systematic approach to treat birthmarks and the laser at our clinic is the best suited for birthmarks .

Consult Now

Dr. Kinnor Das, MBBS, MD, is a specialist in Dermatology, Venereology, and Leprosy. With extensive training and experience in these areas, Dr. Das is dedicated to providing exceptional care to his patients.